Researchers have created a synthetic single-cell organism that can grow and share as an ordinary live cell.
Previously, a group of scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the National Institute of Standards and Technologies and the Institute of J. Craig Venther created a similar organism. However, having only 473 genes, he was too primitive and could not even share normally. For comparison, the usual intestinal wand has more than 4 thousand genes.
Now the team presented a new version called JCVI-Syn3a, with 19 additional genes, seven of which are responsible for the right mitosis with the formation of the same spherical cells.
According to the researchers, in the future this technology will allow you to create simple synthetic organisms to perform certain tasks. For example, for the production of necessary chemicals, fuels, drugs, or even treating diseases. However, for this, scientists still need to learn more about each gene used.
Recall that recent scientists for the first time have formed a full-fledged human embryo
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