Scientists have created the microparticles of a superabsorbent polymer, which are self-assembled into larger structures of various types.
Biological molecules in living organisms have the ability to organize in complex structures when exposed to external factors that launch this mechanism. Researchers from the University of Ossetia decided to create «smart synthetic materials» with similar functions.
They developed a customizable system of sodium acrylate with two types of chemical groups (x and y). Some have additionally remains of β-cyclodextrin, and others are Adamantyl.
Depending on the content of chemical groups, the particles are combined into the structures of various types. In this case, particles with additions x quickly stick together and form elongated clusters, and with y more spherical, but after a variety of collisions. This allows you to configure the final result of their interaction.
Technology can be used to create various smart sensors.
Scientists hope that as a result, the discovery will help to solve the mystery of the origin of macroscopic assemblies of various forms of life.
Recall that recently engineers have developed nanogenerators,
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