How will the city on Mars?

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It is expected that in the second half of the 21st century, space companies will begin to build on Mars

Mars differs significantly from the ground: there is significantly lower than the average air temperature, atmospheric pressure and gravity, and the radiation level is higher. Since the human body requires the conditions close to earth, each of the listed factors in itself requires the creation of isolated structures in which the necessary parameters will be used artificially.

Although the first settlements will differ little from the structures familiar to us, their growth will be limited. A key deterrent is air pressure inside residential complexes, significantly exceeding atmospheric. The larger the construction, the more it will turn into an analogue of the balloon, which can simply explode.

Buildings on the surface will also be subject to solo radiation irradiation, as well as rapid heat loss due to extremely low temperatures outside.

All these factors make the construction of the usual earthly cities inexpedient and exorbitantly expensive, at least to a certain level of development there.

Due to the extreme external conditions on Mars, the optimal option will be the creation of settlements in the rocks. They will be a complex three-dimensional network of tunnels with a diameter of about 10 m, inside of which residential modules, working structures and almost all infrastructure will be placed. Since they will all be interconnected by multi-level transitions, they will actually become a single gigantic underground complex.

Each tunnel should go to the edge of the cliff so that the colonists can look through the panoramic windows on the surface and sky planet. This solution will help not only improve the emotional state of people, but also will allow penetrating the natural light inside the residential zone. The stone breed will simultaneously perform the functions of the supporting structures, walls, shielding barrier and thermal insulation.

Solar farms and greenhouses are most conveniently located right on the cliff.

In addition to the new models of creating cities, the approach to their construction will also differ. Updated obvious methods associated with the tunnel structure, the peculiarity of the process will be indirectly involved in human. Due to hostile conditions and limited resources, all major works will perform robots, and people will only control them remotely.

Mars is located about 54.6 million km from the ground, therefore it is not the current stage of human development, the transportation of resources is a challenging task, takes several years and requires huge costs. At the same time, for the development of colonies, many oxygen, carbon dioxide, water, steel and

According to the latest estimates of researchers, all Martian reserves are not enough to ever create an atmosphere, similar to earthly, as well as plants inside residential complexes for the production of sufficient oxygen volume. Therefore, the key role will be played not so much the mining of key resources as systems of cleaning, processing and recycling. All this will be required to take into account during design and construction.

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